Articles

Longer Screen Vs. Reading Time is Related to Greater Functional Connections Between the Salience Network and Executive Functions Regions in Children with Reading Difficulties Vs. Typical Readers

Horowitz-Kraus, T., DiFrancesco, M., Greenwood, P., Scott, E., Vannest, J., Hutton, J., ... & Farah, R. (2020). Longer Screen Vs. Reading Time is Related to Greater Functional Connections Between the Salience Network and Executive Functions Regions in Children with Reading Difficulties Vs. Typical Readers. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 1-12. Abstract An adverse

Children with dyslexia utilize both top-down and bottom-up networks equally in contextual and isolated word reading

Meri, R., Farah, R., & Horowitz-Kraus, T. (2020). Children with dyslexia utilize both top-down and bottom-up networks equally in contextual and isolated word reading. Neuropsychologia, 147, 107574. Abstract Introduction Executive functions (EF) include cognitive processes that support learning and reading. Children with dyslexia experience challenges with both reading and reading comprehension. The neurobiological support for

Parent–child joint reading is related to an increased fixation time on print during storytelling among preschool children

Zivan, M., & Horowitz-Kraus, T. (2020). Parent–child joint reading is related to an increased fixation time on print during storytelling among preschool children. Brain and cognition, 143, 105596. Abstract Print exposure in early childhood is related to linguistic skills such as oral language, reading comprehension and spelling during school years. A common way of

Relationship Between Eye‑Movement Patterns, Cognitive Load, and Reading Ability in Children with Reading Difficulties

Ozeri-Rotstain, A., Shachaf, I., Farah, R., & Horowitz-Kraus, T. (2020). Relationship Between Eye‑Movement Patterns, Cognitive Load, and Reading Ability in Children with Reading Difficulties. Journal of psycholinguistic research. Abstract Children with reading difculties (RD) share challenges in executive functions (EF). Neurobiological correlates provide evidence for EF challenges during reading among these readers, but

The neural basis of executive functioning deficits in adolescents with epilepsy: a resting-state fMRI connectivity study of working memory

Gutierrez-Colina, A. M., Vannest, J., Maloney, T., Wade, S. L., Combs, A., Horowitz-Kraus, T., & Modi, A. C. (2020). The neural basis of executive functioning deficits in adolescents with epilepsy: a resting-state fMRI connectivity study of working memory. Brain Imaging and Behavior, 1-11. Abstract Working memory deficits are common in youth with epilepsy

Maternal depression is associated with altered functional connectivity between neural circuits related to visual, auditory, and cognitive processing during stories listening in preschoolers

Farah, R., Greenwood, P., Dudley, J., Hutton, J., Ammerman, R. T., Phelan, K., ... & Horowitz-Kraus, T. (2020). Maternal depression is associated with altered functional connectivity between neural circuits related to visual, auditory, and cognitive processing during stories listening in preschoolers. Behavioral and Brain Functions, 16(1), 1-12. Abstract Background Maternal depression can influence the early

Association between diffusivity measures and language and cognitive-control abilities from early toddler’s age to childhood

Farah, R., Tzafrir, H., & Horowitz-Kraus, T. (2020). Association between diffusivity measures and language and cognitive-control abilities from early toddler’s age to childhood. Brain Structure and Function, 1-20. Abstract Extensive improvements in executive functions and language abilities are accompanied by changes in functional connections within the brain and in gray and white matter

Decreased Functional Connectivity Between the Left Amygdala and Frontal Regions Interferes With Reading, Emotional, and Executive Functions in Children With Reading Difficulties

Nachshon, O., Farah, R., & Horowitz-Kraus, T. (2020). Decreased Functional Connectivity Between the Left Amygdala and Frontal Regions Interferes With Reading, Emotional, and Executive Functions in Children With Reading Difficulties. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 14, 104. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2020.00104 Abstract Introduction: Dyslexia is a reading disorder characterized by significant difficulty in reading, as well as reports of altered

Greater functional connectivity within the cingulo-opercular and ventral attention networks is related to better fluent reading: A resting-state functional connectivity study

Freedman, L., Zivan, M., Farah, R., & Horowitz-Kraus, T. (2020). Greater functional connectivity within the cingulo-opercular and ventral attention networks is related to better fluent reading: A resting-state functional connectivity study. NeuroImage: Clinical, 26, 102214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2020.102214 Highlights •Differences in functional connectivity (FC) of the cognitive-control networks were not found between the two reading groups.

Reading in children with drug-resistant epilepsy was related to functional connectivity in cognitive control regions

Kraus, D., Vannest, J., Arya, R., Hutton, J. S., Leach, J. L., Mangano, F. T., ... & Horowitz‐Kraus, T. (2020). Reading in children with drug‐resistant epilepsy was related to functional connectivity in cognitive control regions. Acta Paediatrica. Abstract Aim: This study aimed to define whether individuals with drug-resistant focal epilepsy also used regions

Maternal reading and fluency abilities are associated with diffusion properties of ventral and dorsal white matter tracts in their preschool-age children

Farah, R., Hutton, J., Dudley, J., & Horowitz-Kraus, T.  Brain and Cognition https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105532 Highlights • Maternal reading is associated with higher fractional anisotropy in dorsal/ventral tracts in preschoolers. • Fractional anisotropy exhibited variability along the white matter tracts and between hemispheres. • Fractional anisotropy was higher in left compared to the right white

Associations between home literacy environment, brain white matter integrity and cognitive abilities in preschool-age children

Hutton, J. S., Dudley, J., Horowitz-Kraus, T., DeWitt, T., & Holland, S. K. (2020). JAMA pediatrics, 174(1), e193869-e193869. Acta Paediatr. 2019 Dec 18. doi: 10.1111/apa.15124 AIM: Caregiver-child reading is advocated by health organisations, citing cognitive and neurobiological benefits. The influence of home literacy environment (HLE) on brain structure prior to kindergarten has not previously been studied. METHODS: Preschool-age

Hyperconnectivity during screen-based stories listening is associated with lower narrative comprehension in preschool children exposed to screens vs dialogic reading: An EEG study

Farah, R., Meri, R., Kadis, D. S., Hutton, J., DeWitt, T., & Horowitz-Kraus, T. (2019). PloS one, 14(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/ journal.pone.0225445 Objectives Dialogic reading (DR) is a shared storybook reading intervention previously shown to have a positive effect on both literacy and general language skills. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of

Associations Between Screen-Based Media Use and Brain White Matter Integrity in Preschool-Aged Children

Hutton, J. S., Dudley, J., Horowitz-Kraus, T., DeWitt, T., & Holland, S. K. (2020). JAMA pediatrics, 174(1), e193869-e193869. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.3869 Key Points Question  Is screen-based media use associated with differences in the structural integrity of brain white matter tracts that support language and literacy skills in preschool-aged children? Findings  In this cross-sectional study of 47 healthy prekindergarten children, screen

Screen-exposure and altered brain activation related to attention in preschool children: An EEG study

Zivan, M., Bar, S., Jing, X., Hutton, J., Farah, R., & Horowitz-Kraus, T. (2019). Screen-exposure and altered brain activation related to attention in preschool children: An EEG study. Trends in neuroscience and education, 17, 100117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tine.2019.100117 Highlights • Greater visual attention abilities after the storytelling intervention, but not after screen exposure. • Screen exposure

Functional Connectivity of Attention, Visual, and Language Networks During Audio, Illustrated, and Animated Stories in Preschool-Age Children

Hutton, J. S., Dudley, J., Horowitz-Kraus, T., DeWitt, T., & Holland, S. K. (2019). Brain connectivity, 9(7), 580-592. https://doi.org/10.1089/brain.2019.0679 The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that parents read with their children early and often and limits on screen-based media. While book sharing may benefit attention in children, effects of animated content are controversial, and

Altered association between executive functions and reading and math fluency tasks in children with reading difficulties compared with typical readers

Meiri, R., Levinson, O., & Horowitz‐Kraus, T. (2019). Dyslexia, 25(3), 267-283. https://doi.org/10.1002/dys.1624 Fluent reading in children relies on executive functions (EF). Recent research suggests that EF skills also affect arithmetic abilities. Children with reading difficulties (RD) experience deficits in EF. It is still unknown to what extent these EF deficits are the basis for

Dialogic reading vs Screen Exposure intervention is related to greater cognitive control in preschool‐age children

Twait, E., Farah, R., Shamir, N., & Horowitz‐Kraus, T. (2019). Acta Paediatrica, 108(11), 1993-2000. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.14841 Abstract Aim: Shared reading leads to better language and executive functions. This study was designed to examine the effect of dialogic reading compared to screen‐exposed intervention on executive functions using behavioural and electroencephalogram measures. Methods: The effect of six weeks of dialogic reading

Functional Connectivity of Cognitive Control and Visual Regions During Verb Generation Is Related to Improved Reading in Children

Twait, E., & Horowitz-Kraus, T. (2019). Brain connectivity, 9(6), 500-507. https://doi.org/10.1089/brain.2018.0655 Reading is a complex cognitive ability, which relies on visual and language processing as well as on executive functions (EFs). Recent studies have demonstrated that increased reading ability in children aged 7–17 years is related to greater activation of cognitive control regions

Children Use Regions in the Visual Processing and Executive Function Networks during a Subsequent Memory Reading Task

Farah, R., Coalson, R. S., Petersen, S. E., Schlaggar, B. L., & Horowitz-Kraus, T. (2019). Children Use Regions in the Visual Processing and Executive Function Networks during a Subsequent Memory Reading Task. Cerebral Cortex, 29(12), 5180-5189. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhz057 Memory encoding is a critical process for memory function, which is foundational for cognitive functioning including reading,